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Discover the varieties of “swords”

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Dear ones, did you know that there are different types of St. George’s swords?




The Spada di San Giorgio seemed almost forgotten for a while before being rediscovered as an ornamental plant a few years ago. What makes it so special is not least its imposing appearance and texture of the leaves, the easy cultivation is also impressive.

They exist over 70 different plant species. We have collected the most interesting in the list below to identify the varieties of Sansevieria.

1. Sansevieria bacularis



This Sansevieria has leaves up to 170 cm in cm. They are dark green in color with light transverse bands. The tips of the leaves are soft. The white flowers appear in spring and have a purple streak.

  • Warm and bright place
  • Take it outdoors in the summer
  • water sparingly
  • Tolerates short periods of drought
  • not resistant

2. Burmese sansevieria



Up to 13 vertical leaves, linear like spears, hang together in a rosette. They reach a length of between 45 and 75 cm and are grass green with light streaks. They have up to three vertical stripes on the smooth top of the leaf.

The leaf margin is green and the plant can turn white with age. They give rise to panicle-shaped white-greenish inflorescences with a length of 60 to 75 cm.

  • Sunny or partially shaded position
  • Temperature around 20 ° C and not lower than 14 ° C
  • water moderately
  • Reduce watering in the winter 14 days of fertilizing in the summer
  • Substrate: topsoil with a high percentage of sand

3. Sansevieria concinna



This Sansevieria species originates from South Africa. The erect, lanceolate leaves grow from a thick rhizome and form a rosette. They reach a length between 15 and 25 cm and are green in color with light green transverse bands.

The surface of the sheet is smooth and the edge is not hardened. White thorn-shaped inflorescences appear that can be between 15 and 30 cm in length.

  • Plant in a shady place
  • Temperature all year round at 20 ° C
  • water moderately
  • It does not tolerate floods
  • Let the soil dry slightly between waterings.
  • Fertilize from spring to autumn
  • Substrate: slightly sandy

4. Cylindrical Sansevieria



This Sansevieria species is native to South Africa. It is not very common. The columnar and erect leaves can be up to 1 m long and 2 to 3 cm thick. They are green to greyish in color. Young plants usually have dark green transverse bands.

The leaves often get a little wrinkled with age. There are several cultivated forms of this sansevieria, such as “Spaghetti”, “Skyline” and “Patula”.



  • Requires a lot of light.Loves a sunny location
  • Outdoor place in the summer
  • water evenly
  • Tolerates short periods of drought
  • At least 60% humidity
  • Temperature around 20 ° C
  • Fertilize from spring to fall with cactus fertilizer or succulent liquid fertilizer

5. French Sansevieria



This Sansevieria is native to Kenya and grows in the shape of a trunk with upturned leaves. The height is 30 cm. They are marbled from dark green to light green and taper to a point. Plants form segments with several shoots. These can be used to propagate cuttings.

  • Likes a sunny or partially shaded location
  • It also tolerates the scorching sun
  • water sparingly
  • Let the soil dry first
  • It does not tolerate floods
  • Fertilize from spring to autumn
  • Temperature all year round at 20 ° C, not lower than 15 ° C
  • Substrate: cactus soil or loam, fine sand, clay granules
  • Propagation: leaf cuttings, runners

6. Sansevieria hyacinthoides



In Africa, the native region of this plant, it grows in small dense groups in the shade of trees. The leaves can reach a length of 120 cm.

They are green in color with dark green transverse bands, very wide and with short stems. They come together freely in a large rosette. The plant forms long rhizomes.

  • Sunny to shady location
  • At least 4 hours of sunshine per day
  • Temperature from 20 to 30 ° C
  • water moderately
  • permeable substrate

7. Sansevieria liberica



This Sansevieria species is native to the Central African Republic and West Africa. Up to six skin-like, belt-shaped, spear-headed leaves come together in a bud, almost vertically.

They can be 45 to 110 cm long and are dark green with light green transverse bands. The tip of the leaf is slightly pointed and white in color with age. The slightly cartilaginous leaf margin is reddish brown.

The white flowers are freely arranged in panicles. The stem of the flower can be between 60 and 80 cm high.

  • It prefers shady places
  • water sparingly
  • It does not tolerate floods
  • Let the soil dry out between waterings.
  • Temperature from 20 to 30 ° C
  • Substrate: well drained, dry, slightly grainy

8. Sansevieria longiflora



Africa is also home to this sword of St. George. There this Sansevieria grows mainly in Angola, Namibia and Congo. The dark green leaves are lightly spotted in bands. They reach a length of 150 cm and are between 3 and 9 cm wide.

At the tip of the leaf there is a brown thorn 3 to 6 millimeters long. The leaf margin is hardened and reddish-brown to yellowish in color. They have white panicle flowers.

  • Grow in sunny or shady places
  • water moderately
  • It does not tolerate floods
  • Instead, let it dry a bit.
  • Temperature from 20 to 30 ° C
  • Substrate: sandy and well drained

9. Sansevieria parva



This Sansevieria species grows mainly in Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda. Dark green leaves with dark or light transverse bands are linear to lanceolate. They bloom from white to pink. The plants are very easy to care for, making them ideal for beginners.

  • Gives a lot of light.Loves a sunny position
  • It also tolerates partial shade
  • Temperatures from 20 to 30 ° C
  • Substrate: something granular and permeable
  • water sparingly

10. Sansevieria raffili



This Sansevieria species is native to Kenya and Somalia. The rhizomes reach a thickness of up to 5 cm, grow erect, the lanceolate leaves can be up to 150 cm long.

At the base of the green leaves there are yellowish-green spots or irregular transverse bands. The marks may disappear on older plants.

The leaf margin is hardened and reddish-brown in color. The inflorescences are panicle and greenish-white in color and reach a length of 90 and 120 cm.

  • Grow in a shady place
  • water sparingly
  • avoid flooding
  • Temperature from 20 to 25 ° C
  • Substrate: loose, well drained, sandy

11. Sansevieria senegambica



His home is in West Africa. Up to four leaves are freely arranged in a rosette. They grow vertically, taper to a point and lean back slightly. The leaf surface is dark green with barely visible transverse bands.

The lower part is brighter, but the transverse bands are clearly visible. The length of the sheet is from 40 to 70 cm. The leaf margin is green. The white flowers are gathered in panicles. They glow purple in the sun. The stems of the flowers are from 30 to 50 cm in cm.

  • Prefer a shady location
  • water moderately
  • It does not tolerate floods
  • Temperature 20 ° C
  • Substrate: permeable and loose

12. Sansevieria subspicata



This Sansevieria variety is native to Mozambique. The lanceolate leaves grow erect and are slightly bent backwards. They are 20 to 60 centimeters long, taper to one point, and are green to slightly bluish in color.

The leaf margin is green and fades to white with age. The greenish-white flowers are gathered in panicles. The inflorescences are 30 to 40 cm high.

  • Plant in a sunny or partially shaded place
  • water sparingly
  • It does not tolerate floods
  • Temperature from 20 to 25 ° C
  • Substrate: slightly sandy, loose and permeable to water

13. Sansevieria trifasciata



This is probably the best known Sansevieria species. It comes from West Africa. In this region it is also known as snake plant or mother-in-law’s tongue. Linear lanceolate leaves grow from creeping rhizomes. They reach lengths of 40 to 60 cm and are grass green in color with white to light green transverse bands.

Very popular is the “Laurentii” variety which has golden yellow longitudinal stripes along the edges of the leaves. There are several cultivated forms of this species, such as the “Hahnii” with colored leaves or the “Golden Flame” with golden yellow stripes. This Sansevieria grows particularly well in very narrow pots.

  • Grow in a sunny or partially shaded place
  • Avoid the scorching sun
  • Temperature 20 ° C, not lower than 14 ° C
  • Keep the soil moderately moist
  • Tolerates drought for a short time
  • Avoid flooding Substrate: soil with 50% clay and sand
  • Fertilize from spring to fall with cactus fertilizer or succulent liquid fertilizer
  • Propagation: seeds, leaf cuttings, displacements

14. Sansevieria zeylanica



This Sansevieria species is native to Sri Lanka. There, Sansevieria grows in arid sandy and rocky areas. They have a straight growth and can reach a height of 60 to 70 cm. The white-green leaves are somewhat leathery.

Green, slightly wavy lines run along the surface of the leaf. Plants form a flat root system. Replanting is only necessary if the roots threaten to burst the pot. So the plant can also be divided.

  • Plant in a sunny or partially shaded place
  • water sparingly
  • The soil must be completely dry between waterings.
  • Fertilize once a month with cactus fertilizer or succulent liquid fertilizer

* Via Succulent Alley

Source: Terra

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