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4 types of physical activity to try

The expert explains the benefits of each and how to find the one that’s best for you

Regular physical activity strengthens the cardiovascular system, helping to reduce the risk of heart disease and hypertension. It also helps control body weight, increases muscle mass and bone density, preventing conditions such as osteoporosis. Additionally, it releases endorphins, known as happy hormones, which improve mood and reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression.

However, with so many mode and sport options available, how do you know which one is best suited for each person? Felipe Kutianski, specialist in exercise physiology and founder of the training platform Onbody, emphasizes that the first step in making the right choice is to clearly define your goals.

“Each exercise modality has its own specific characteristics of stimuli, biomechanics of movement, muscle actions, energy pathways, among others. You need to be honest about the goals you want to achieve before spending time, money and energy,” he says.

1. Crossfit

Crossfit is known for its focus on high-intensity training, combining elements of Olympic weightlifting, gymnastics and cardio, generally aiming to improve endurance and physical conditioning.

2. Bodybuilding

A bodybuilding focuses primarily on weight lifting to build muscle mass, strength and body definition. One common point between CrossFit and bodybuilding is that they both help with weight loss.

Functional training focuses on multi-joint movements

3. Functional training

The functionality stands out approach to movement multi-joint exercises that aim to improve stability, mobility, balance and coordination.

4. Calisthenics

Calisthenics, in turn, uses body weight as resistance in a variety of exercises, such as push-ups, pull-ups and squats, promoting strength, body control, endurance and flexibility.

Balance and guidance

The physical education teacher also warns of the importance of adjusting the training volume and avoid excesses, as it can cause injury and immunosuppression. “You can easily practice more than one of these modalities or the same modality more than once a day, but you have to be careful not to exceed your body’s limits,” she points out.

According to Felipe Kutianski, whatever activity you choose, it is best to always seek professional guidance and train in the way that best suits you.

By Fernanda Glinka

Source: Terra

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