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Dengue Symptoms: Can Food Help Relieve Them?

Nutritionist lists the best and worst foods for people with dengue fever

Looking to relieve the symptoms of dengue and improve their health, many people with the disease have sought help with their diet. But, after all, are foods really able to help in this case? According to the nutritionist Carol Caldasthe answer is yes.

“For those with dengue fever, it is critical to maintain a diet that aids recovery and provides the nutrients needed to strengthen the immune system and promote healing,” she says.

According to the professional, before worrying about nutrition, however, the most important care should be hydration. “Dengue can cause dehydration, so it is essential to consume plenty of liquids, such as water, natural juices, coconut water and soups,” he explains. That said, some food groups are more suitable for these patients. Next, Carol indicates what they are:

  • Vitamins and minerals: Foods rich in vitamins C, E and B complex, as well as minerals such as zinc and selenium, are important for strengthening the immune system. Citrus fruits, dark green vegetables, legumes, nuts and seeds are good sources of these nutrients.
  • Proteins: Proteins are essential for repairing damaged tissues and strengthening the immune system. Lean sources of protein, such as chicken breast, fish, eggs, tofu and legumes (beans, lentils, chickpeas), are good options.
  • Iron-rich foods: dengue can cause anemia, so it is important to consume foods rich in iron, such as lean red meat, chicken, fish, dark green leafy vegetables, legumes and enriched cereals.
  • Anti-inflammatory foods: Foods rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids can help reduce inflammation and aid recovery. This includes fatty fish (salmon, sardines), nuts, flax seeds, chia seeds and fruits such as strawberries, blueberries and raspberries.
  • Easily digestible foods: While recovering from dengue, it is recommended to avoid foods that are heavy and difficult to digest. Opt for light, easy-to-digest meals such as broths, purees, fruits, cooked vegetables and whole grains.

Best foods for people with dengue

Now that you know which food groups can combat dengue symptoms and provide health benefits, the nutritionist has listed 5 foods that should be part of the diet of patients suffering from the disease.

Coconut milk

Rich in electrolytes such as potassium and magnesium, coconut water helps prevent dehydration, which is common in cases of dengue fever due to fever and fluid loss. Furthermore, it is a natural source of carbohydrates, which provide energy.


Bananas are an excellent source of potassium, an essential mineral that can be lost due to fever and excessive sweating during dengue fever. Potassium helps maintain electrolyte balance and muscle function.


A vegetable soup contains important nutrients such as vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, which help strengthen the immune system and provide easily digestible energy. Plus, soup is a way to increase hydration.


Oats are rich in soluble fiber, which aids digestion and absorption of nutrients and provides slow-release energy. Oatmeal is easy on the stomach and can be a comforting option for those recovering from dengue fever.

Grilled chicken breast

Grilled chicken breast is a lean source of protein, important for muscle recovery and strengthening the immune system. Furthermore, it is an easily digestible option and can be paired with cooked vegetables to increase your nutrient intake.

What can’t you eat when you have dengue?

Carol says fatty foods, such as fried foods, should be avoided during this time because they can be difficult to digest and worsen gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting, common during dengue fever.

Sweets, soft drinks, processed juices and other foods high in refined sugars should also be excluded from the menu, as they can lead to blood glucose spikes, followed by sudden drops, which can lead to tiredness and imbalances in blood glucose levels. of energy.

“Very hot or spicy foods can irritate the stomach and cause digestive disorders, especially when the digestive system is already compromised during dengue fever,” emphasizes the nutritionist.

He adds: “Snacks, processed foods and canned foods are also not recommended because they generally contain high levels of sodium, which can increase fluid retention and blood pressure, which is not ideal during dengue fever.” .

As for drinks, it is advisable to avoid alcohol, which can increase the risk of complications, such as dehydration and liver problems, and those containing caffeine, such as coffee, black tea and energy drinks, as they can increase dehydration due to their diuretic action. effect, as well as interfering with sleep and recovery.

How important is hydration for dengue patients?

According to Carol, hydration is essential for dengue patients for several reasons. First, the disease often causes high fever, sweating, and vomiting, resulting in significant loss of fluids and electrolytes from the body. Staying well hydrated helps replenish these lost fluids and maintain the body’s water balance.

Additionally, dehydration can lead to serious complications such as kidney failure and hypovolemic shock, especially in more severe cases of dengue fever. Therefore, good hydration can help prevent these complications.

“Hydration is also important to relieve symptoms of the disease, such as headaches, weakness and dizziness, as well as helping to reduce fever and inflammation,” he points out.

“A well-hydrated body is essential for a healthy immune system. During dengue, when the immune system fights the virus, adequate hydration can strengthen the body’s defenses and help with faster recovery,” he adds.

Therefore, hydration is a crucial part of treatment for dengue patients. “Drinking plenty of water is essential, but in case of significant loss of electrolytes, isotonic drinks, coconut water or oral rehydration solutions may also be recommended to help replace lost electrolytes,” concludes the nutritionist.

Source: Terra

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