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What is psychomotricity? And what is its purpose during childhood?

What is psychomotricity? And what is its purpose during childhood?

What is psychomotricity? And what is its purpose during childhood?

Known as the ‘science of balance’, psychomotor skills are an ally for the development of infants and children

From birth we are connected to the world through our body: it is with it that we express our desires, needs, preferences and fears.




This is the premise of psychomotricity: a science dedicated to the links between movement, thought and emotion. All this, considering the subjectivity of each individual. Essential in everything development stages strengthens body awareness, autonomy, self-esteem and communication in infants and children.

First of all, what is psychomotricity?

Psychomotricity consists of the connection between three fundamental axes of human existence: the emotional, the physical and the cognitive. In other words, it explores movements based on the experiences lived by the subject, which, in turn, result from his individuality and socialization.

Based on a holistic vision of the individual, it brings together a set of psychological, physiological, anthropological and relational knowledge, capable of influencing the way we express ourselves.

Role of psychomotricity in childhood

Psychomotor education is important in all stages of child development, as it traces the relationships between children’s motor and psychic functions. By exercising and understanding their movements, children learn to relate to the world, revealing its possibilities and limits. In the same way, they create awareness of their gestures, expressing their needs, desires and thoughts.

In addition to contributing to a better body perception, psychomotor skills strengthen confidence and maturity, contributing to the appreciation of individuality and self-esteem. In this process, fine and gross motor skills, creativity and communication are also strengthened.

How to stimulate psychomotor skills in childhood?

There is no specific formula to stimulate children’s psychomotor skills, but there are several habits that can significantly contribute to this process.

Physical activities are essential to develop body perception and awareness. Practicing individual or group sports, therefore, can be a great ally.

It is worth investing in games that train motor coordination, spatial orientation, rhythm, balance, temporal organization and language. Tag, hide and seek, mime, memory games, puzzles and cordless phones are just some of the many possibilities.

So he’s just playing?

There is no doubt that play activities are essential for the development of the human body, but psychomotor skills are not limited to this.

A fundamental element is the environment . A safe and stimulating space makes children feel comfortable exploring their abilities. Outdoor walks, for example, can both promote contact with nature and strengthen autonomy and creativity.

You objects They also have a purpose in this construction. Putting little ones in contact with materials of different sizes, textures and shapes can stimulate their creativity and their senses.

Another important point is the role of adults . Strengthening an emotional medium influences the development of the child. Healthy emotional bonds can provide greater confidence and motivation to explore the world and express feelings.

Source: Terra

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