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Passive smoking increases the risk of asthma and dermatitis in adolescents


Adolescents who live with smokers can easily develop asthma and atopic dermatitis


Summary

A recent study conducted in Kuwait found that adolescents exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke in homes increased the risk of developing atopic dermatitis by 29.6%.





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It is nothing new that cigarettes, in addition to causing a lot of damage to the smoker, also expose people nearby, due to so-called secondhand smoke, which can have respiratory and even cardiovascular consequences. But now, a recent study have shown that adolescents exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke at home are at greater risk of developing atopic dermatitis.

“Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, hereditary disease of unknown cause. The pathology is linked to the development of lesions, itching and dry, red skin, precisely because it causes inflammation. The disease requires special care to strictly control the condition,” explains Ana Maria Pellegrini, dermatologist member of the Brazilian Society of Dermatology and technical manager of the clinic. Skin.

The problem is that external factors, such as passive smoking, can worsen the condition. The study was conducted in nine secondary schools in Kuwait, with 746 students. Household exposure to secondhand smoke increased the risk of atopic dermatitis by 29.6%.

“The toxic substances present in cigarettes can cause irritation and stimulate inflammation in the skin of these more susceptible patients,” explains Ana.

According to the study, a significant part of the risk of atopic dermatitis is mediated by factors such as passive smoking and the development of asthma, which could also be linked to atopic dermatitis.

“A no-smoking home rule emerges as a potential intervention to minimize exposure to secondhand smoke, reduce the development of asthma and atopic dermatitis, and discourage smoking initiation among adolescents,” suggests the dermatologist.

Those who smoke must respect the health of those around them

The doctor emphasizes that the study provides valuable information on the complex relationship between household exposure to secondhand smoke and skin diseases among adolescents.

“Dermatologists can leverage these findings to support holistic interventions that address both direct and mediated effects, promoting healthier environments for adolescents,” says the dermatologist.

Ana Maria Pellegrini comments that patients diagnosed with atopic dermatitis should consult a dermatologist to start treatment, which aims to control itching and reduce skin inflammation, to prevent recurrences.

“The basis of the treatment is the use of moisturizing creams and oils for the good formation of the hydrolipidic layer of the skin, improving the natural protective barrier that the skin forms. This hydration should be used several times a day and this patient should avoid hot baths and excessive use of soaps and loofahs. Orally, the use of antihistamines can help control itching, but the drug must be prescribed by the doctor to avoid side effects,” concludes the dermatologist.

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Source: Terra

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